It is believed that apart from man, the honeybee is the most efficient living organism in its work. In fact, nothing else can be compared to it in terms of efficiency, even the fiercest animal. The efficiency is made possible due to the good organization in the beehive, with each and every bee being assigned a special job in the honey making process. However, not many would be able to explain the real process for the hone making. This article explains how the bees make honey, from the nectar gathering to the final step.
To begin with, it is good for you to know that bees depend on two kinds of food only. The first food is the honey which they make from the nectar which they collect from flowers. The other food is derived from the pollen grains which they collect from the flower anthers. It is good to note that just as flowers are of various colors, the pollen grains also have different colors.
Now, let’s see what happens from the start of honey making process. When most bees go out to look for flowers, they usually gather nectar and pollen. The bee has a special stomach where she stores the nectar after sucking it from the flowers. It is from this stomach that the nectar is taken to the hive to be made into honey by the honey-making bees. But the bee may be hungry and if so, there is a valve found in her nectar sac which she opens to let some nectar to pass into her stomach where it is converted into energy to enable her to survive.
But it is sometimes puzzling how the bee is able to fly with nectar or pollen whose weight is almost equal to that of her own. This shows how marvelous flying insect the bee is. Even the most advanced aircraft can only fly carrying a load whose weight is only a quarter that of its own. The bee remaining airborne bearing all that load is just like a miracle.
The bee only returns to the hive after filling her nectar sacs. One of the indoor bees receives the nectar and then passes it through the mouth to mouth process and before it begins being converted into honey, its moisture content will have dropped from 70% to 20%. This dropping of moisture content makes the nectar be changed into honey. However, the nectar may be stored into the cells even before the mouth to mouth passing on process due to the high rate of evaporation, considering the high temperature of 32.5 degrees found in the hive.
The final process is when the honey is stored in cells and the bee wax is used to cap it in preparation for the hatching of newborn baby bees. The bee bread is made by mixing nectar with pollen which is later fed to the larvae. For the bee community to flourish, the baby bee must be fed with food rich in protein.
The bee then returns to the flower to collect more pollen and nectar, bring it to the hive and going back for more.